Aircraft History

Consolidated Canso PBY-5A

During WW II, Boeing of Canada in Vancouver and Canadian Vickers of Montreal built 224 Canso 5A's for the RCAF. The Canso equipped the majority of the RCAF's bomber reconnaissance squadrons which provided convoy escort and anti-submarine patrols from bases in Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, Labrador, Quebec and Iceland, indeed the Canso was the RCAF's major contribution to the Battle Of The Atlantic. Formed in 1934, No. 5 Squadron had the longest tenure of all WW II squadrons at RCAF Station Dartmouth. No. 5 Squadron flew Cansos from October 1941 to June 1945 on anti-submarine duties and sank U-630 east of Newfoundland on 4 May 1943 while deployed to Gander Nfld. No. 162 Squadron flew Cansos from RCAF Station Dartmouth from October 1943 to January 1944 before being transferred to Iceland where it became the RCAF's most successful bomber reconnaissance squadron with six submarines destroyed. On 24 June 1944, during the successful attack on U-1225, F/L Hornell's Canso, No. 9754, was severely damaged by return fire from the submarine and ditched on the sea. For his bravery in pressing home the attack and his subsequent heroic efforts to save his crew, F/L Hornell was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross.

Type: Seven - nine crew long range maritime patrol bomber amphibian/flying boat

Wing Span: 31.70 m (104 ft)

Length: 19.47 m (63 ft 10 in)

Height: 6.15 m (20 ft 2 in)

Max. Speed: 288 kph (179 mph)

Service Ceiling: 4,480 m (14,700 ft)

Range: 4,096 km (2545 miles)

Max. Weight: 16099 kg (35,420 lb)

Empty Weight: 9,485 kg (20,910 lb)

Power Plant: Two 895 kW (1,200 hp) Pratt & Whitney R-1830-92 Twin Wasp radial piston engines

Armament: Two 7.65 mm (0.3 in) machine guns in bow, two 12.7 mm (0.5 in) machine guns (one in each beam position) plus 1,814 kg (4,000 lb) of depth charges.