Aircraft History

Canadair Challenger

The CL-600 Challenger was built by Canadair (Bombardier) of Montreal and certified as a business jet in 1980. It was introduced into the Canadian Forces in 1983 as the CC-144, a VIP transport. However, as other aircraft with electronic warfare training roles were retired from service some of the Challengers were equipped with electronic countermeasures equipment to fill the void. The modified "electronic" Challengers were designated CE-144.

The reactivation of No. 434 (Bluenose) Squadron in September 1992, brought the first complement of CC-144 and CE-144 Challengers to be permanently based at 12 Wing Shearwater. The CE-144 Challengers provided air targets and electronic warfare training for air force fighter squadrons, naval ship borne air defence systems and army anti-aircraft batteries. In addition to providing transport, 434 Squadron CC-144 Challengers flew maritime reconnaissance patrols, partly compensating for the loss of the Tracker. In May 1995, No. 434 Squadron and its complement of Challengers and CT-133's were transferred from Shearwater to 14 Wing Greenwood NS.

Type: Military transport, electronic warfare and coastal reconnaissance aircraft

Wing Span: 19.61 m (64 ft 4 in)

Length : 20.85 m (68 ft 5 in)

Height: 6.3 m (20 ft 8 in)

Max. Speed: 882 kph (548 mph)

Service Ceiling: 12,495 m (41,000 ft)

Range: 6,639 km (4,124 miles)

Max. Weight: 20,457 kg (45,100 lb) 

Empty Weight: 11,684 kg (25,760 lb)

Power Plant: Two 41 kN (9220 lb static thrust) General Electric CF-34-3A1 Turbofan engines