Aircraft History

Curtiss HS-2L

On 16 August 1918, two HS-2L flying boats under the command of Lieutenant R.E. Byrd of the of the United States Naval Flying Corps, landed on the water off Baker's Point which now forms part of the lower base at 12 Wing Shearwater. Lieutenant Byrd later became an Admiral and gained fame for his polar exploits. After establishing a rudimentary base known as United States Naval Air Station Halifax, Byrd and the two HS-2L's carried their first patrol on 25 August 1918 to protect merchant shipping carrying troops and supplies from Halifax to Great Britain. The United States Naval Flying Corps eventually established a detachment of six HS-2L's and two kite balloons at Baker's Point. When WW I ended the aircraft were given to Canada by the U.S. government and the HS-2L's became Canada's first bush plane and a work horse for the fledgling Canadian Air Force.

Type: Two seat general reconnaissance and patrol aircraft

Wing Span:
22.6 m (74 ft 1.25 in)

Length:
11.9 m (39 ft)

Height:
5.7 m (18 ft 9.25 in)

Max. Speed:
137 kph (85 mph)

Service Ceiling:
2800 m (9200 ft)

Range:
832 km (517 miles)

Max. Weight:
2918 kg (6432 lb)

Empty Weight:
1950 kg (4300 lb)

Power Plant:
One (360 hp) Packard Liberty liquid cooled V-12 piston engine