Squadron History

162 (BR) Squadron
Royal Canadian Air Force
RCAF Dartmouth Oct 1943 - Jan 1944

Battle Honours: "Atlantic 1939 - 1945" earned but never awarded since the squadron was disbanded before the Honours could be presented and never was reactivated.

Badge: Above barry wavy charged with five billets (depth charges) an osprey volant to dexter holding in its claws a sixth billet.

Motto: Sectabimur usque per ima. (We will hunt them even through the lowest deeps).

No. 162 Squadron formed as a Bomber Reconnaissance (BR) unit, equipped with Consolidated Canso A aircraft, on 19 May 1942 at Yarmouth NS. From Yarmouth the squadron supported detachments at Mont-Joli Quebec, Gander NF and Stephenville NF to extend its range of anti-submarine duties on the East Coast and the Gulf of St. Lawrence. In October 1943, the squadron moved to Dartmouth NS from where it also maintained detachments in Goose Bay NF and Mont-Joli. In January 1944, 162 Squadron was loaned to the Royal Air Force's Coastal Command and stationed in Reykjavik, Iceland to cover the mid-ocean portion of the North Atlantic convoy routes. During June and July 1944, the squadron operated from Wick, Scotland and scored a series of brilliant successes by sinking four German submarines, and sharing a fifth, that were attempting to break through the North Transit Area (Shetland Islands) to attack the Allied D-Day invasion fleet. In one of these engagements Flight Lieutenant D.E. Hornell won the Victoria Cross. Repatriated to Sydney NS in June 1945, the squadron was disbanded on 7 August 1945.

No. 162(BR) Squadron was the RCAF's most successful anti-submarine squadron during the Second World War with five U-boats destroyed, one shared sinking and one U-boat damaged.