Squadron History

No.1 (Fighter) Squadron
RCAF Dartmouth Nov 1939 - Jun 1940

Battle Honours: Battle of Britain 1940, Defence of Britain 1940 - 1944.

No. 1 Squadron was formed as a fighter unit at Trenton Ontario on 21 September 1937 with Siskin aircraft. The nucleus for the squadron came from the Fighter Flight of No. 3 (Bomber) Squadron on 17 May. No. 1 Squadron moved to Calgary Alberta in August 1938 and was re-equipped with Hawker Hurricane aircraft in February 1939. Upon Canada's declaration of war on 10 September the squadron was mobilized at St. Hubert, Quebec and on 5 November it moved to Dartmouth Nova Scotia. On 28 May 1940, it absorbed No. 115 Squadron from Montreal and 8 June departed for overseas . On 26 August 1940 during the Battle of Britain, the squadron had its first encounter with German aircraft, and was the first squadron of the RCAF to engage the enemy, to score victories, to suffer combat casualties, and to win gallantry awards. The squadron was renumbered No. 401 (Fighter) Squadron at Driffield, Yorkshire, England on 1 March 1941.